Golden Retriever – Complete Profile, History, and Care

Golden retrievers are big dog breeds, full of energy, but tend to be extremely gentle. They are one of the few breeds to historically have been selectively bred for temperament overlooks, and many breed standards include the fact that this dog breeds should have a sweet and gentle temperament. 

Dog Breed Group

Sporting Dogs

Height:

21 to 24 inches tall at the shoulder

Weight:

55 to 75 pounds

Life Span:

10 to 12 years

Colors:

Black, Sable, Black & Tan, Red & Black, Gray, Black & Silver

Friendliness

Overall 100%
Affectionate With Family
100%
Affectionate with Kids
100%
Affectionate with other Dogs
100%
Affectionate with Strangers
100%

Adaptability​

Overall 60%
Tolerates Being Alone
40%
Tolerates Cold Weather
60%
Tolerates Hot Weather
60%
First Time Owners
20%
For Apartment Living
40%
Sensitivity Level
100%

Health And Grooming

Overall 80%
General Health
40%
Potential For Weight Gain
100%
Breed Size
60%
Shedding Amount
100%
Easy To Groom
40%
Drooling Amount
80%

Trainability

Overall 80%
Easy To Train
100%
Intelligence Level
100%
Level of Prey Drive
60%
Potential For Mouthiness
100%
Barking & Howling Level
60%
Wanderlust Potential
40%

Physical Needs

Overall 80%
Energy Level
100%
Exercise Needs
100%
Intensity Level
40%
Potential For Playfulness
100%

Overview of Golden retriever Dog breed:

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Golden retriever is a medium-sized muscular dog breed known for its friendly nature. This variety of dogs is very good in handling people around them. 

They are very affectionate and playful. The Golden retrievers are very energetic and they rarely sit idle inside the home. The people love their charismatic, appealing nature. 

History of Dog breed:

Golden retrievers are originated from the Scotland. They were initially found in the Highlands in Scotland, and they were very helpful in retrieving birds. 

It is said that they were used in the circuses, and later Marjoribanks purchased a group of them and started to breed the Golden retrievers. 

During the 19th century, they use this sporting dog for hunting. 

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Personality of Dog breed:

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The Golden retrievers are very playful and they spread the surrounding goodness. They love being athletic and they are very gentle with the surrounding children. 

They are very outgoing with owners and even the strangers. 

They don’t bark a lot, and so they are not meant for the watchdog’s duty. 

Feeding (Diet and Nutrition):

Golden retrievers are the good eaters of the dry foods. Based on the activities carried on by them, they eat more or less food. 2-3 three cups of high quality dry food is enough for them.

It is much important to know the metabolism of the Golden retrievers. It helps you to maintain the shape of the dog by feeding as per the need. 

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General care:

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Golden retrievers always prefer to hang outside, and when they are supposed to stay inside, they lack the energy. So, it is better to take them outside and exercise them for 20-30 minutes a day. It keeps them in good vibe at all times. 

They tend to carry things in their mouth right from the initial days. So, use those days and train them to accept the commands for catching the balls and giving back to you. This will make them more playful in nature.

Common Health Problems:

Generally, Golden retrievers maintain their healthy state. But it is much important to look after them as they are prone to certain illness. 

Most of the Golden breeds suffer from hip dysplasia. They don’t show up the signs in the early stages. So, take your Golden retriever to the vet at least twice a year.

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Some common diseases that you need to be aware of:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A malformation of the hip sockets, which can lead to pain and arthritis
  • Elbow Dysplasia: A painful malformation of the dog’s elbows on the front legs
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD): An inflammatory condition in which diseased cartilage separates from the adjoining bone
  • Various types of cancer: The most common cancers in golden retrievers include hemangiosarcoma and lymphoma.

Coat Color And Grooming:

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As the name suggests Golden retrievers comes in the shades of gold ranging from dark to light. They have a dense outer coat followed by thick undercoats. 

The Golden retrievers mostly shed during spring and fall. Take them to the bath once in a month and brush them at least two to three days a week. 

Size and Weight:

Generally, the male Golden retrievers are 23-24 inches tall and 65-75 pounds in weight and the females range from 21.5-22.5 inches in height and 55-65 pounds in weight. 

The Golden retrievers reach their full height by the age of one and two by weight.

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